Module 2: Innovation system concept


In the past few years the concept of innovation systems has had considerable influence on innovation research and has undergone conceptual differentiation. This has significantly shaped the development of national and regional innovation policies. The aim of this module is to introduce participants to a systemic understanding of the regional/national innovation process as well as to address the issue of what determines a "good" innovation system.


  • Innovation systems and their sub-systems (research and education system, industry, intermediaries, finance system, governance system)
  • Variants of innovation systems (regional, sectoral, technological systems)
  • Related concepts: clusters, industrial districts, innovative environments
  • Interdependencies and interaction between the actors in the innovation system
  • Innovators and other players in the  innovation system and their roles
  • Practical examples and a comparison of national and regional innovation systems (NIS)
  • Commonly used internationally customary innovation indicators to measure innovation systems including empirical examples (structure of an innovation system, comparison of innovation systems)
  • The importance of framework conditions: demand, infrastructure, institutions, governance
  • Innovation activities and their significance for the economic development and the competitiveness of a national economy

The concept of innovation systems is part of the most influential and most common heuristics in innovation research. The approach is also the basis for the activities of  Fraunhofer ISI as it focusses on systemic relationships and clarifies the context conditions of innovations. Selected practical examples from our research are presented and together with the participants we will work out the success factors of effective innovation systems.




Courses (in German)


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